What is food mineral?

Minerals are inorganic elements that originate in the earth and cannot be made in the body. They play important roles in various bodily functions and are necessary to sustain life and maintain optimal health, and thus are essential nutrients.

Tuesday, October 14, 2008

Magnesium Function in Human Body

Magnesium Function in Human Body
Of the total magnesium, about 0.5 gm/kg fat-free tissue, roughly 60% is located in bone. The function of magnesium in hard tissues is not known; one third of it is in combination with phosphate, and the remainder appears to be adsorbed loosely on the surface of the mineral structure.

A small amount of magnesium is dissolved in the extracellular fluid and is easily exchanged with that adsorbed at the bone surface. Only 1 – 3 mg/100ml is present in serum; of this about 35% is bound to protein or complexed with other substances and is not available for exchange.

Within the cells of soft tissue the concentration of magnesium is greater than any other mineral except potassium. Loss of magnesium from the body therefore is usually associated with tissue breakdown and cell destruction.

Magnesium is required for cellular respiration, specifically in oxidative phosphorylation leading to formation of ATP. In fact magnesium is necessary for all phosphate transferring system and in certain tissues, such a heart, a major fraction of the Magnesium present is complexed with ATP, ADP and AMP.

Chronic deficiency produces alopecia, skin lesions and swollen gums. High calcium intakes tend to aggravate symptoms of magnesium deficiency. Personality changes, muscles tremor, lack of coordination and gastrointestinal disturbances developed after three months on the deficient diet. In addition, serum calcium and potassium decreased as serum magnesium decreased and rose to normal if magnesium therapy instituted.

Magnesium deficiency does not appear to be a problem in most human dietaries since the mineral element is widely distributed in foodstuffs.

In a normal adequate diet about 30% of the total magnesium intake may come from green vegetables that contain magnesium porphyrin, chlorophyll.
Magnesium Function in Human Body
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