What is food mineral?

Minerals are inorganic elements that originate in the earth and cannot be made in the body. They play important roles in various bodily functions and are necessary to sustain life and maintain optimal health, and thus are essential nutrients.

Sunday, February 4, 2024

Selenium Deficiency: Health Insights

Selenium deficiency, prominently observed in specific regions of China characterized by low selenium levels in both soil and diets, poses a significant health risk. This deficiency is intricately connected to the development of Keshan Disease, a condition marked by an enlarged heart and impaired cardiac function, particularly prevalent in areas where selenium intake falls below 19 mcg per day for men and 13 mcg per day for women.

Named after its place of discovery, Keshan disease initially baffled researchers due to its unknown origin. Subsequent studies, however, have elucidated the substantial impact of selenium on cardiac health. Selenium plays a pivotal role in preventing Keshan Disease, and its deficiency is directly linked to the manifestation of the disease.

Importantly, the significance of selenium extends beyond cardiac health to influence thyroid function. Selenium is essential for synthesizing active thyroid hormone, and its deficiency may worsen the effects of iodine deficiency on thyroid function. Recent research has emphasized the protective role of adequate selenium levels against certain neurological consequences of iodine deficiency, offering a broader perspective on the mineral's importance in overall health.

Individuals dependent on total parenteral nutrition (TPN) are uniquely susceptible to selenium deficiency. TPN, a method delivering nutrients through intravenous lines, requires vigilant monitoring to ensure adequate selenium intake. This is especially critical as selenium deficiency can intensify the repercussions of iodine deficiency on thyroid function.

Apart from nutritional intricacies, severe gastrointestinal disorders pose a threat to selenium absorption. This not only leads to selenium depletion but also affects the absorption of other essential nutrients. Timely monitoring of nutritional status becomes imperative in such cases, guiding physicians to recommend appropriate interventions.

In conclusion, selenium deficiency emerges as a multifaceted health concern with extensive consequences. From its impact on cardiac health in Keshan Disease to its role in thyroid function and vulnerability in TPN recipients, understanding and addressing selenium deficiency are crucial for maintaining overall health. Continuous research endeavors and nutritional monitoring are pivotal elements in our ongoing efforts to mitigate the adverse effects of selenium deficiency.
Selenium Deficiency: Health Insights

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